Coalition members Chisa Umemiya (IGES), Justin Goodwin (Aether), and Michael Gillenwater (GHGMI) have produced a working paper entitled “How did intended nationally determined contributions (INDCs) address capacity building?” This paper was prepared following the subsidiary body meetings in Bonn (SB44) as an initial means of understanding how parties have formally communicated about capacity building through the central reporting mechanism of the Paris Agreement. This survey finds that references to capacity building are common across sampled INDCs, but the detail and focus of capacity building varies considerably.

Read the INDC Working Paper